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A series of rice fields in the mountains.
  1. U.S. Hogs Help Japan after Typhoon
  2. Apples Crossing the Pacific
  3. Apples and International Relations
  4. Apples and International Friendship
  5. Japanese Mikan and Satsuma Oranges
  6. Mikan and Trade Disputes
  7. Supermarkets Bring the World Home
  8. Different Food Shopping Styles
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Apples hang from tree with mountain in background
Aomori apples have a history going back over 120 years.
Photo Courtesy of Aomori Prefectural Website.
Apples Crossing the Pacific
Although small, wild apples have existed in Japan since the early 10th century, the cultivation of what the Japanese today know as apples began in 1871 when the Meiji government launched experimental farming with American varieties. The prefectures of Aomori, Nagano, Hokkaido, Iwate, Yamagata, Akita, and Fukushima became the major centers of production. The American Methodist missionary John Ing (1840-1920) also played a crucial role in introducing apple seedlings from the United States to Aomori. After World War II, vigorous efforts in cross-pollination and breeding resulted in the development of the Fuji variety in 1962. A cross between two American varieties, Fuji is now widely grown in the United States, signifying the return of the Japanese apple to its original home.
Special Terms: World War II  |  John Ing  |  cross-pollination

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