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A field of tea plants with Mt. Fuji in the background.
  1. Land Reform in Postwar Japan
  2. Why Japan's Land Reform Succeeded
  3. Wet Rice Agriculture
  4. Transplanting Rice Seedlings
  5. Early Mechanization of Agriculture
  6. Reorganization of Farm Land
  7. Innovations in Fruit and Vegetable Farming
  8. Rice Rationing and Subsidies
  9. Japan’s Shrinking Farm Population
  10. Farm Household Size and the Problem of Succession
  11. Who Farms in Japanese Farm Households?
  12. San-Chan Nōgyō
  13. The Changing Japanese Diet
  14. Dairy Farming in Japan
  15. What Dairy Products Do Japanese Eat?
  16. Beef Cattle in Japan
  17. The Changing Income of Farm Households
  18. Raising Silkworms in Japan
  19. Food Self-Sufficiency in Japan
  20. Food Self-Sufficiency in Rice
  21. Organic Farming in Japan
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A row of villagers stand in a flooded rice field transplanting rice seedlings.
Villagers working together to transplant rice seedlings. 1956.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Transplanting Rice Seedlings
Rice seed is first planted close together in one flooded paddy and grows into seedlings that will be transplanted into many paddy fields. Until the 1960s, farmers transplanted rice by hand when the seedlings were about 8-10 inches tall. The schedule for flooding the paddy fields required the fields to be transplanted in a certain order, because the paddy had to be flooded and the soil worked into a soft mud to accept the rice seedlings. Villagers worked together to do the transplanting efficiently. A large group of villagers gathered in a long row across one flooded paddy, standing in the water and each carrying a handful of rice seedlings. Everyone planted one seedling in the row, and then stepped back one step and planted the next row. They could quickly plant one paddy field in neat, even rows, and then move on to the next paddy field. Transplanting was hard, backbreaking work, but it was also an occasion for singing and enjoying each other’s company as they worked together. Click on Pictures to see a close-up of transplanted rice seedlings.
Special Terms: rice paddy  |  transplant (rice)

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