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A field of tea plants with Mt. Fuji in the background.
  1. Land Reform in Postwar Japan
  2. Why Japan's Land Reform Succeeded
  3. Wet Rice Agriculture
  4. Transplanting Rice Seedlings
  5. Early Mechanization of Agriculture
  6. Reorganization of Farm Land
  7. Innovations in Fruit and Vegetable Farming
  8. Rice Rationing and Subsidies
  9. Japan’s Shrinking Farm Population
  10. Farm Household Size and the Problem of Succession
  11. Who Farms in Japanese Farm Households?
  12. San-Chan Nōgyō
  13. The Changing Japanese Diet
  14. Dairy Farming in Japan
  15. What Dairy Products Do Japanese Eat?
  16. Beef Cattle in Japan
  17. The Changing Income of Farm Households
  18. Raising Silkworms in Japan
  19. Food Self-Sufficiency in Japan
  20. Food Self-Sufficiency in Rice
  21. Organic Farming in Japan
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An aerial view of rice fields stretching to the horizon.
Neatly trimmed rice paddies spread out over the Shonai Plains. The plains are located in northeastern Japan. Photo from 1960.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Reorganization of Farm Land
Many paddy fields were too small to benefit from mechanization, and traditionally farmers had owned scattered small plots of land rather than one large area. A farm household with scattered plots of land could buy and sell them separately, and plots with different growing conditions reduced the weather-related risks of farming. By the 1970s, farming villages all across Japan began to reorganize their landholdings and rebuild their paddies and dry fields to make more efficient use of small tractors and other farm equipment. On a village-wide basis, farmers swapped small individual plots of land to gain large land areas. Then they reconfigured their paddies and dry fields to make larger rectangular fields that could be worked efficiently with machinery. Click on MAPS, below, to see a diagram of the small, scattered ricefields owned by two farms in the village of Niiike, Okayama, in the early 1950s. Click on CHARTS for more information about the size of farms in Japan.
Special Terms: farm household

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