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A field of tea plants with Mt. Fuji in the background.
  1. Land Reform in Postwar Japan
  2. Why Japan's Land Reform Succeeded
  3. Wet Rice Agriculture
  4. Transplanting Rice Seedlings
  5. Early Mechanization of Agriculture
  6. Reorganization of Farm Land
  7. Innovations in Fruit and Vegetable Farming
  8. Rice Rationing and Subsidies
  9. Japan’s Shrinking Farm Population
  10. Farm Household Size and the Problem of Succession
  11. Who Farms in Japanese Farm Households?
  12. San-Chan Nōgyō
  13. The Changing Japanese Diet
  14. Dairy Farming in Japan
  15. What Dairy Products Do Japanese Eat?
  16. Beef Cattle in Japan
  17. The Changing Income of Farm Households
  18. Raising Silkworms in Japan
  19. Food Self-Sufficiency in Japan
  20. Food Self-Sufficiency in Rice
  21. Organic Farming in Japan
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San-Chan Nōgyō means everyone works.
Photo from
San-Chan Nōgyō
Part-time farming, or kengyō nōka, remains a big part of farm life in Japan. The mechanization of agriculture even on a small scale meant that much less human labor was needed to grow rice. Family members could take other paying jobs, and only help with farming during the busiest transplanting and harvesting times. When the father in the family works at an outside job, often it is his parents and wife who do nearly all of the farm work. This kind of family farming came to be called “san-chan nōgyō” because the farming (nōgyō) is done by grandfather (ojī-chan), grandmother (obā-chan) and mother (okā-chan), the three (san) “chan.” Nowadays even the mother in such a family is likely to have an outside, wage-earning job.
Special Terms: wage-earning job  |  transplant (rice)  |  sanchan nōgyō, sanchan nogyo, santyan nôgyô, sanchan nougyou

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