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A field of tea plants with Mt. Fuji in the background.
  1. Land Reform in Postwar Japan
  2. Why Japan's Land Reform Succeeded
  3. Wet Rice Agriculture
  4. Transplanting Rice Seedlings
  5. Early Mechanization of Agriculture
  6. Reorganization of Farm Land
  7. Innovations in Fruit and Vegetable Farming
  8. Rice Rationing and Subsidies
  9. Japan’s Shrinking Farm Population
  10. Farm Household Size and the Problem of Succession
  11. Who Farms in Japanese Farm Households?
  12. San-Chan Nōgyō
  13. The Changing Japanese Diet
  14. Dairy Farming in Japan
  15. What Dairy Products Do Japanese Eat?
  16. Beef Cattle in Japan
  17. The Changing Income of Farm Households
  18. Raising Silkworms in Japan
  19. Food Self-Sufficiency in Japan
  20. Food Self-Sufficiency in Rice
  21. Organic Farming in Japan
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Aigamo ducks race into an organicly farmed rice paddy.
Some farmers use Aigamo ducks to control pests and to fertilize their rice fields without the use of chemicals.
Photo Courtesy of Japan Zone.
Organic Farming in Japan
Prior to the 1950s, most agriculture in Japan was "organic" because chemical fertilizers and pesticides were not used. Human waste, called "night soil" was collected by farmers and used as fertilizer. In the 1950s, the introduction of chemical pesticides reduced insect damage and increased crop yields. By the 1970s and 1980s, consumers worried about the health effects of chemical pesticides created a market for organically grown food crops. Organic produce is often distributed through cooperatives that link farmers directly to urban consumers, but it is gradually becoming more available in urban grocery stores that specialize in natural foods. Click on Pictures below to see farmers spraying chemical fertilizer in rice fields in the 1950s using a small machine.
Special Terms: crop yield  |  cooperatives

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