Cross Currents Home
Resources | About Us | 日本語サイト
Home Learn About Japan Learn About Japan-U.S. Cross Currents Learn About the U.S.

Two men in suits walking in a crosswalk.
  1. Group Employment Trips
  2. Spring Employment Season
  3. Hiring New Graduates
  4. Hiring New High School Graduates
  5. The Japanese Employment System
  6. Lifetime Employment
  7. The Seniority Wage System (nenkō joretsu)
  8. The Bonus System
  9. Enterprise Unions in Japan
  10. Enterprise Union Cooperation
  11. Unemployment Insurance
  12. Dual Tracks in Female Occupations: Ippan Shoku (Non-Career Track) and Sōgō Shoku (Career Track)
  13. Increase of Female Employees
  14. Female dominant occupations
  15. Post-Retirement Employment and Social Security
  16. Marriage Retirement and Retirement Ages for Men and Women
  17. Relations between Large and Small Companies
  18. Part-time Female Workers
  19. What Kinds of Work Do People Do in Japan?
  20. Freeter/ Furita: Part-Time Workers in Japan
Listen in English English | Japanese Japanese View Article in English | Japanese
A large group of people gather outdoors while holding colorful banners and signs
Members of RENGO, an enterprise union, participate in a May Day rally.
Photo from International Confederation of Free Trade Unions.
Enterprise Unions in Japan
With the support of Occupation authorities and conservative Japanese politicians, labor became more moderate in its approach towards management. The new relationship that emerged in the 1950s between workers and management is called enterprise unionism. An enterprise union is a company union and not an industry-wide union or craft union. It includes all “regular” non-management employees—both blue collar and white collar—regardless of the work they do. It is usually led by employees who come from the ranks of young white collar workers, but have not yet become part of management. Enterprise unions exclude contract (temporary term) workers. Contract workers cannot join the union and so do not enjoy the same benefits regular union members do. The enterprise union system provides strong job security and good wages and benefits to regular employees by allowing companies to hire contract workers, who do not have the same job security and benefits.
Special Terms: enterprise union  |  job security  |  contract  |  craft union

Download Podcast in English | Japanese
Document | Audio-Video | Chart | Picture | Map