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A group of men, some in suits, carry signs in a protest.
Labor Unions
  1. Rapid Rise of Labor Unions in Japan from 1945
  2. Postwar Japan's first Labor Laws
  3. Labor Strikes and Production Control
  4. Bloody May Day (May 1, 1952)
  5. Formation of Sōhyō (Japan General Council of Trade Unions)
  6. The Rise and Fall of Radical Union Activity
  7. Enterprise Unions in Japan
  8. The Miike Mine Strike
  9. Strikes Japanese-Style
  10. Who Can Strike in Japan
  11. Kinds of Strikes in Japan
  12. The Spring Labor Offensive (Shuntō)
  13. Enterprise Union Cooperation
  14. Privatization of Japan National Railway
  15. Rengō and the Merger of Japanese Labor Federations
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Silk workers stand arm-in-arm during a strike.
Workers at the Ōmi Silk Thread Company went on strike in June, 1954 over inhumane working conditions.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Kinds of Strikes in Japan
In a labor strike, union workers stop working in order to pressure management to meet their demands. A union federation or an entire industry may coordinate a larger strike to press the same demands for all of its members. A wildcat strike is an unannounced strike that may be illegal. A minority labor union or a group of unhappy workers might undertake such a strike, or it may come about because a sudden action by management has upset the workers so much that they decide to walk off the job. A general strike is organized by national or regional coalition of labor unions and labor federations. It aims to stop work all across the country to achieve a political goal. In January 1947, the Occupation prohibited a planned national general strike. Click on Charts, below, for more information about labor disputes in Japan.
Special Terms: general strike  |  union federation  |  minority  |  strike

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