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Wide angle photo looking up to the top of a tall building.
  1. The Work Group
  2. Office Arrangements
  3. Office Ladies (OL)
  4. Enterprise Unions in Japan
  5. Enterprise Union Cooperation
  6. Strikes Japanese-Style
  7. Sexual Harassment
  8. Separate Surnames for Married Couples
  9. “Mighty” Women: Police and the Military Self Defense Force
  10. Ama (Female Diver)
  11. Who Farms in Japanese Farm Households?
  12. San-Chan Nōgyō
  13. The Changing Income of Farm Households
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A large group of people gather outdoors while holding colorful banners and signs
Members of RENGO, an enterprise union, participate in a May Day rally.
Photo from International Confederation of Free Trade Unions.
Enterprise Unions in Japan
With the support of Occupation authorities and conservative Japanese politicians, labor became more moderate in its approach towards management. The new relationship that emerged in the 1950s between workers and management is called enterprise unionism. An enterprise union is a company union and not an industry-wide union or craft union. It includes all “regular” non-management employees—both blue collar and white collar—regardless of the work they do. It is usually led by employees who come from the ranks of young white collar workers, but have not yet become part of management. Enterprise unions exclude contract (temporary term) workers. Contract workers cannot join the union and so do not enjoy the same benefits regular union members do. The enterprise union system provides strong job security and good wages and benefits to regular employees by allowing companies to hire contract workers, who do not have the same job security and benefits.
Special Terms: enterprise union  |  job security  |  contract  |  craft union

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