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Farm Crops
  1. Organic Farming in the United States
  2. Farm Mechanization in the United States
  3. Major Crops in the United States
  4. Major U.S. Crops: Corn
  5. Major U.S. Crops: Wheat
  6. Major U.S. Crops: Soybeans
  7. Major U.S. Crops: Cotton
  8. Planting and Harvesting Cotton
  9. Major U.S. Crops: Rice
  10. How Rice Is Grown in the United States
  11. Dairy Farming in the United States
  12. Raising Cattle for Beef
  13. Poultry and Meat Production in the United States
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A man bends over brown rice plants in a field.
This type of rice releases a natural chemical that destroys weeds.
Photo Courtesy of the United States Department of Agriculture. Photo by Joanne Dilday.
Major U.S. Crops: Rice
Rice was brought to America in 1685 aboard a ship from Madagascar that took shelter from a storm in Charles Towne harbor in the present day state of South Carolina. The ship’s captain presented the colonists with rice seeds for helping to repair his ship. The local marshlands proved an ideal environment for the new crop, which was so successful that in 1700 colonists exported 300 tons of rice to England. Today rice ranks fifth in production value among crops grown in the United States. About 90% of the rice grown in the U.S. is for domestic consumption. Most rice grown in the United States is long grain rice. In Japan, shorter grain rice is more popular. California is the largest grower of short grain rice in the United States. On average, Americans eat 26 pounds (12kg) of rice annually while Asians consume 300 pounds (136kg). Hawaii has the highest rice consumption per person in the U.S. at an average of 100 pounds (45kg) per year. Click on CHARTS and MAPS below for additional information about rice.
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