Cross Currents Home
Resources | About Us | 日本語サイト
Home Learn About Japan Learn About Japan-U.S. Cross Currents Learn About the U.S.
A student studying from a textbook
Education System
Educational System
  1. Public Schools
  2. Private Schools
  3. Distance Learning
  4. Home Schooling
  5. Special Education
  6. Preschool and Head Start
  7. Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)
  8. Tracking
  9. Semester and Quarter System
  10. Busing
  11. Different Kinds of Public Schools
Listen in English English | Japanese Japanese View Article in English | Japanese

Exams rooms are not designed for comfort.
Photo from
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)
Almost all colleges and universities in the United States require high school students to take the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) before accepting them for admission. The SAT is a three-hour standardized test that measures vocabulary, reading comprehension, and math skills. It plays an important role in determining what college or university a high school graduate can attend because colleges and universities usually set minimum SAT scores for admission, The SAT is stressful for high school students. Many spend countless hours studying for it. It is given seven times a year, but most high school students take it during the spring of their junior year or the fall of their senior year. Almost half of the students who take the SAT take it more than once, so they can submit higher scores. Over the last few decades, the SAT has become controversial. Critics claim that some of the questions are unfair to women, minorities, and poorer students. Many argue that it does not accurately measure a student’s knowledge but merely rewards test-taking skills. Consequently, although it is still an important factor in college admissions, some colleges and universities now place less importance on SAT scores in selecting new students.
Download Podcast in English | Japanese
Document | Audio-Video | Chart | Picture | Map