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A barn and silo under a blue sky.
  1. Farm efficiency in the United States
  2. Who Farms in the United States?
  3. Growth of Large Corporate Farming
  4. Minorities as Farm Operators
  5. Agricultural Subsidies
  6. Food for Peace Program
  7. Major Crops in the United States
  8. Major U.S. Crops: Corn
  9. Major U.S. Crops: Soybeans
  10. Major U.S. Crops: Wheat
  11. Major U.S. Crops: Cotton
  12. Planting and Harvesting Cotton
  13. Major U.S. Crops: Rice
  14. How Rice Is Grown in the United States
  15. Dairy Farming in the United States
  16. Cheese Production in the United States
  17. Poultry and Meat Production in the United States
  18. Raising Cattle for Beef
  19. Factory Farming
  20. Farm Mechanization in the United States
  21. Biotechnology and Farming in the United States
  22. Organic Farming in the United States
  23. Farm Aid
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A close-up image of cotton ball among green leaves
A young cotton boll.
Photo Courtesy of The Texas Education Agency.
Major U.S. Crops: Cotton
Cotton is a warm climate crop and so is grown only in the southern United States. "Cotton Belt" states include Virginia, North and South Carolina Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas, Florida, Tennessee, Missouri, Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. The three leading cotton-growing states are Texas, California, and Georgia. In the nineteenth century, cotton was the basis of the southern agricultural economy. It was grown on large plantations where African-American slaves did most of the work of planting and picking the crop. Cotton remains a major crop in the South but largely machines do planting and harvesting. Click on MAPS below for additional facts about cotton.
Special Terms: African American  |  Cotton Belt  |  plantation

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