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A barn and silo under a blue sky.
Agriculture
  1. Farm efficiency in the United States
  2. Who Farms in the United States?
  3. Growth of Large Corporate Farming
  4. Minorities as Farm Operators
  5. Agricultural Subsidies
  6. Food for Peace Program
  7. Major Crops in the United States
  8. Major U.S. Crops: Corn
  9. Major U.S. Crops: Soybeans
  10. Major U.S. Crops: Wheat
  11. Major U.S. Crops: Cotton
  12. Planting and Harvesting Cotton
  13. Major U.S. Crops: Rice
  14. How Rice Is Grown in the United States
  15. Dairy Farming in the United States
  16. Cheese Production in the United States
  17. Poultry and Meat Production in the United States
  18. Raising Cattle for Beef
  19. Factory Farming
  20. Farm Mechanization in the United States
  21. Biotechnology and Farming in the United States
  22. Organic Farming in the United States
  23. Farm Aid
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Two large tractors work in tandem in a field.
Modern farm equipment is expensive, but it increases farm efficiency.
Photo from John Deere.
Farm Mechanization in the United States
Mechanization of farming during the 20th century led to sweeping changes in agriculture. Tractors, combines, harvesters, and other farm machines help farms produce more. Consequently, the trend since the early part of the 1900s is that fewer people can farm more land. Farm equipment is a major expense for American farmers, so it is difficult for small farms to keep up with the latest technological innovations. Machinery has also become more complicated and specialized. A simple tractor used on a small farm for many different tasks cannot be used efficiently on a large-scale farm. On large farms, huge air-conditioned tractors and combines costing well over $100,000 can cover vast areas in a relatively short amount of time. Mechanized irrigation systems have made more land available for farming. Click on PICTURES below to see additional photo of modern machinery in a wheat field. Click on MAPS for more information about the mechanization of farming.
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