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A posed photo of two white women and a black man in a suit.
  1. Social Security and Retirement
  2. Retirement Age and Social Security
  3. Working at Home
  4. Longer Years of Retirement
  5. Employment trends
  6. Foreign workers in the United States
  7. Mexican Workers in the United States
  8. Workplace Safety Standards
  9. Work-related Injuries and Deaths
  10. Growth of Large Corporate Farming
  11. Union Membership Across the United States
  12. Laws Regarding Working Women
  13. Labor Contracts in the United States
  14. Right-to-Work Laws
  15. Public worker unions in the United States
  16. Unemployment insurance
  17. Equal Opportunity Employment Laws
  18. Workers’ Compensation
  19. Minimum Age for Agricultural Employment
  20. Minors in the Workplace
  21. Minimum Wage
  22. Employment of Persons with Disabilities
  23. Major Equal Employment Legislation in the U.S.
  24. Employment in the Service Sector
  25. Unemployment
  26. State’s Unique Worker’s Compensation Laws
  27. Life on Unemployment
  28. Minimum Wage and Poverty
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Hillary Clinton stands at a podium at an event.
Hillary Clinton speaking at an Equal Pay Day event in 2002.
Photo Courtesy of the National Organizational for Women.
Laws Regarding Working Women
The Equal Pay Act (1963) prohibits discrimination in pay for men and women doing the same work. This was 20 years after the act was first proposed to Congress. However, this Act did not cover agricultural workers, domestic workers, executives, administrators, or professionals. The Act was revised in 1972 to include executives, administrators, and professionals. In 1964, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act was passed. It prohibited private employers, employment agencies, and unions from discriminating on the basis of race, sex, country of origin, and other grounds. That year, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established to investigate complaints of discrimination and enforce penalties. The Equal Employment Act (1972) gave the EEOC power to take legal action to enforce its rulings. Despite these laws, women are still fighting discrimination. Sexual stereotyping still makes it difficult for women to be hired for and advance in some jobs, especially high-paying jobs. At the same time, blatant and subtle discrimination happens at many work places. 40 years after the passing of the Equal Pay Act, women still earn only 76 cents for every dollar earned by men. Click CHARTS to see 20 Leading Occupations of Employed Women and the ratio of women’s earnings to men’s earnings in them.
Special Terms: Congress

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