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  1. Social Security and Retirement
  2. Retirement Age and Social Security
  3. Working at Home
  4. Longer Years of Retirement
  5. Employment trends
  6. Foreign workers in the United States
  7. Mexican Workers in the United States
  8. Workplace Safety Standards
  9. Work-related Injuries and Deaths
  10. Growth of Large Corporate Farming
  11. Union Membership Across the United States
  12. Laws Regarding Working Women
  13. Labor Contracts in the United States
  14. Right-to-Work Laws
  15. Public worker unions in the United States
  16. Unemployment insurance
  17. Equal Opportunity Employment Laws
  18. Workers’ Compensation
  19. Minimum Age for Agricultural Employment
  20. Minors in the Workplace
  21. Minimum Wage
  22. Employment of Persons with Disabilities
  23. Major Equal Employment Legislation in the U.S.
  24. Employment in the Service Sector
  25. Unemployment
  26. State’s Unique Worker’s Compensation Laws
  27. Life on Unemployment
  28. Minimum Wage and Poverty
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A young boy at a labor protest holds a sign
A young boy at a labor protest holds a sign showing his feeling on right to work laws.
Photo Courtesy of Bob Wood/International Association of Machinists.
Right-to-Work Laws
States with right-to-work laws have the lowest rate of union membership. Right-to-work laws mean that workers are not required to join a union after they are hired by a company. They have the choice to join or not. Companies that hire workers under right-to-work laws are called open shops. Workers save money by not joining a union because they do not have to pay union dues. On the other hand, wages are usually lower in open shops than they are in union shops. Labor unions in open shops are much weaker than labor unions in states with union shops. The lure of lower wages has prompted many companies to relocate from states that have union shops to states that have right-to-work laws. Click on Maps below for additional information on Right-to-Work Laws.
Special Terms: right-to-work laws  |  rate of union membership  |  open shops  |  union shops

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