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A posed photo of two white women and a black man in a suit.
  1. Social Security and Retirement
  2. Retirement Age and Social Security
  3. Working at Home
  4. Longer Years of Retirement
  5. Employment trends
  6. Foreign workers in the United States
  7. Mexican Workers in the United States
  8. Workplace Safety Standards
  9. Work-related Injuries and Deaths
  10. Growth of Large Corporate Farming
  11. Union Membership Across the United States
  12. Laws Regarding Working Women
  13. Labor Contracts in the United States
  14. Right-to-Work Laws
  15. Public worker unions in the United States
  16. Unemployment insurance
  17. Equal Opportunity Employment Laws
  18. Workers’ Compensation
  19. Minimum Age for Agricultural Employment
  20. Minors in the Workplace
  21. Minimum Wage
  22. Employment of Persons with Disabilities
  23. Major Equal Employment Legislation in the U.S.
  24. Employment in the Service Sector
  25. Unemployment
  26. State’s Unique Worker’s Compensation Laws
  27. Life on Unemployment
  28. Minimum Wage and Poverty
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Striking workers chant during a protest.
Safeway grocery store workers strike in California, 1995.
Photo from David Bacon.
Labor Contracts in the United States
Management and union leaders meet periodically to negotiate a labor contract. This contract details the obligations a company has towards its workers, such as the wages and benefits workers will receive as well as the conditions under which they will work. The contract also spells out the obligations a worker has toward his or her employer, such as coming to work on time and working in a productive manner. Contracts are good for a specified number of years. When that contract expires, a new one must be negotiated. If labor and management cannot agree on the terms of a contract, union leaders may call for a strike vote. Labor laws govern when a union can call a strike. Once a strike begins, production stops until the sides agree to a new contract.
Special Terms: strike  |  contract

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