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A posed photo of two white women and a black man in a suit.
  1. Social Security and Retirement
  2. Retirement Age and Social Security
  3. Working at Home
  4. Longer Years of Retirement
  5. Employment trends
  6. Foreign workers in the United States
  7. Mexican Workers in the United States
  8. Workplace Safety Standards
  9. Work-related Injuries and Deaths
  10. Growth of Large Corporate Farming
  11. Union Membership Across the United States
  12. Laws Regarding Working Women
  13. Labor Contracts in the United States
  14. Right-to-Work Laws
  15. Public worker unions in the United States
  16. Unemployment insurance
  17. Equal Opportunity Employment Laws
  18. Workers’ Compensation
  19. Minimum Age for Agricultural Employment
  20. Minors in the Workplace
  21. Minimum Wage
  22. Employment of Persons with Disabilities
  23. Major Equal Employment Legislation in the U.S.
  24. Employment in the Service Sector
  25. Unemployment
  26. State’s Unique Worker’s Compensation Laws
  27. Life on Unemployment
  28. Minimum Wage and Poverty
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A man sits in a tractor that hauls apples.
A migrant farm worker drives a tractor to haul apples near Winchester, VA.
Photo Courtesy of the United States Department of Agriculture. Photo by Wm E. Carnahan.
Foreign workers in the United States
If an employer cannot find an American worker to fill a job, then he or she may hire foreign workers. Before a foreign worker, or guest worker, as the government refers to them, can start work, the Department of Labor investigates whether or not the employer first looked for an American worker. If they determine that no American worker was available, then the Department of Labor issues a “labor certification” to the employer. Only after this process is complete can the foreign worker apply for a visa. There are several exceptions to this rule. Foreigners who possess “extraordinary ability in the arts, sciences, education, business or athletics,” and “outstanding professors and researchers and managers and executives of multinational companies” are exempted from labor certification requirements. In recent years, the number of foreign high-tech industry workers in the United States has increased. Most of these workers have come from India. Click CHART for more information.
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