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A posed photo of two white women and a black man in a suit.
  1. Social Security and Retirement
  2. Retirement Age and Social Security
  3. Working at Home
  4. Longer Years of Retirement
  5. Employment trends
  6. Foreign workers in the United States
  7. Mexican Workers in the United States
  8. Workplace Safety Standards
  9. Work-related Injuries and Deaths
  10. Growth of Large Corporate Farming
  11. Union Membership Across the United States
  12. Laws Regarding Working Women
  13. Labor Contracts in the United States
  14. Right-to-Work Laws
  15. Public worker unions in the United States
  16. Unemployment insurance
  17. Equal Opportunity Employment Laws
  18. Workers’ Compensation
  19. Minimum Age for Agricultural Employment
  20. Minors in the Workplace
  21. Minimum Wage
  22. Employment of Persons with Disabilities
  23. Major Equal Employment Legislation in the U.S.
  24. Employment in the Service Sector
  25. Unemployment
  26. State’s Unique Worker’s Compensation Laws
  27. Life on Unemployment
  28. Minimum Wage and Poverty
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An elementary age  girl working in the fields
A Mexican-American migrant girl works in a tomato field in Indiana in 1968.
Photo Courtesy of Ed Breen.
Minimum Age for Agricultural Employment
Although American farms are highly mechanized, they still require quite a bit of human labor. Children who live on farms are generally expected to help with farm work in their own families, and they also sometimes earn money by helping other farmers in the area. Such work might include operating farm machinery, feeding farm animals and cleaning their living areas, milking cows, collecting eggs from chickens, putting up hay, and harvesting other crops. There are special regulations to protect children who do farm work. Ten and 11-year-olds may work on farms owned or operated by their parent, or with a parent's written consent. They have to work outside of school hours in non-hazardous jobs and they do not have to be paid minimum wage. Twelve and 13-year-olds may work outside of school hours in non-hazardous jobs, either with a parent's written consent or on the same farm as the parents. Fourteen and 15-year-olds may perform any non-hazardous farm job outside of school hours. Sixteen year-olds and older may perform any farm job, whether hazardous or not, for unlimited hours.
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