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きれいに盛り付けられたお弁当の箱。
農業
農業
  1. 日本の農業の担い手 
  2. 日本の農業人口の減少
  3. 農家の規模と後継者問題
  4. 三ちゃん農業
  5. 農家の収入の変化
  6. 女性と農業
  7. 戦後日本の農地改革
  8. 日本の農地改革が成功した理由
  9. 農地の再編成
  10. 日本における食糧の自給
  11. 日本における米の自給
  12. 米の配給と補助金制度
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A traditional farm house and a small modern tractor are reflected in a flooded rice paddy.
A small farm in Iwate prefecture uses modern machinery, but may not have a successor.
Photo Courtesy of Sebastian Blanco.
Farm Household Size and the Problem of Succession
Traditionally, a farmer in Japan usually passed on his land rights and livelihood to his eldest son. Over time, the mechanization of agriculture made the smallest of these farms unsustainable, but farmers were not allowed to acquire more land than the 1946 limits. Most Japanese farm households cultivate less than two hectares, or five acres, of land. They usually derive only part of their income from farming, and many do not have a family successor to take over the farm when the current older generation retires or dies. Two-thirds of Japan’s farmers are now over 60 years old, and half of all farmers are 65 or older. There are also a substantial number of non-commercial farm households in Japan who grow crops for their own use but do not market them. Click on CHARTS, below, to learn more about Japan's farm population.
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