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  1. 戦後日本の農地改革
  2. 日本の農地改革が成功した理由
  3. 水稲農業
  4. 田植え
  5. 初期の機械化農業
  6. 農地の再編成
  7. 野菜果物栽培の革新
  8. 米の配給と補助金制度
  9. 日本の農業人口の減少
  10. 農家の規模と後継者問題
  11. 日本の農業の担い手 
  12. 三ちゃん農業
  13. 日本人の食生活の変化
  14. 日本の酪農
  15. 日本人はどのような乳製品を食べるのでしょうか
  16. 日本の肉牛
  17. 農家の収入の変化
  18. 日本の養蚕
  19. 日本における食糧の自給
  20. 日本における米の自給
  21. 日本における有機農業
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A farmer plows a rice paddy with an ox.
At the time of the land reform, agriculture in Japan was done by hand, with the help of oxen.1958.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Land Reform in Postwar Japan
As part of the democratization of Japan after World War II, Japanese leaders and Occupation authorities worked together to carry out land reform. It is regarded as one of the most successful of the Occupation-era reforms, and has become the model for land reform in other countries. The purpose of land reform was to reduce the wide gap between absentee landlords who owned agricultural land but did not farm it themselves, and tenant farmers who rented the land in exchange for giving the landlord a high proportion of the crop. The land reform laws were intended to limit the amount of farm land one household could own to about the amount of land that one family could farm themselves, without outside labor. The government forced absentee landlords to sell all their land to the government. Farmers were allowed to own a small amount of farm land that they could rent out to others ( 2.5 acres or one hectare in most parts of Japan, and 10 acres or 4 hectares in Hokkaido), and had to sell any excess to the government. The government then sold this land, usually to the tenant who had been farming it. The result greatly improved the living conditions of farmers.
言葉の説明:  World War II  |  land reform  |  absentee landlord  |  tenant farmer

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