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  1. 戦後日本の農地改革
  2. 日本の農地改革が成功した理由
  3. 水稲農業
  4. 田植え
  5. 初期の機械化農業
  6. 農地の再編成
  7. 野菜果物栽培の革新
  8. 米の配給と補助金制度
  9. 日本の農業人口の減少
  10. 農家の規模と後継者問題
  11. 日本の農業の担い手 
  12. 三ちゃん農業
  13. 日本人の食生活の変化
  14. 日本の酪農
  15. 日本人はどのような乳製品を食べるのでしょうか
  16. 日本の肉牛
  17. 農家の収入の変化
  18. 日本の養蚕
  19. 日本における食糧の自給
  20. 日本における米の自給
  21. 日本における有機農業
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A farmer and a horse-drawncart on a road between rice fields.
Horse carts loaded with harvested rice cross footpaths between the rice fields. Photo from 1955.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Why Japan's Land Reform Succeeded
Under Japan's 1946 land reform, landlords who owned more than the permitted amount had to sell the excess land to the government at a fixed price. The government then sold it at the same price, giving first preference to any tenant who had been farming the land. Japan’s land reform succeeded for two reasons. The first reason is that the Occupation had the power to impose and enforce a law that hurt the interests of a very powerful class of people, wealthy landlords, in order to bring about social and economic change. The second reason is more complex. At the time the land reform law was passed in October, 1946, it provided reasonable compensation to the landlords who had to sell their land to the government. But from 1946-48 Japan experienced rampant inflation, which reduced the value of the yen. As a result, while most of the buyers were able to pay off their loans within two or three years after they purchased the land, the money landlords received for their land was worth much less.
言葉の説明:  land reform  |  absentee landlord  |  tenant farmer  |  fixed price

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