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  1. 集団就職
  2. 就職シーズン
  3. 新卒採用の仕組み
  4. 高卒採用の仕組み
  5. 日本の雇用制度
  6. 終身雇用
  7. 年功序列制度
  8. 賞与(ボーナス)制度
  9. 企業別組合
  10. 企業別組合の労使協調
  11. 失業保険
  12. 二分化された女性職:一般職と総合職
  13. 女性雇用者の増加
  14. 女性の多い職種
  15. 退職後の職位と社会保障
  16. 結婚退職・男女別定年
  17. 大企業と中小企業の関係
  18. パートタイムで働く女性たち
  19. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
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A group of young people walk a muddy path carrying suit cases in the rain.
Junior high school graduates from Amami Island came en masse to Tokyo to work. Photo from 1958.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Group Employment Trips
During the 1950s and 1960s, most young people from rural areas of Japan could not afford to go to high school, but went to work after they completed junior high school. It was common for a large group of these fifteen or sixteen year old junior high school graduates from one village to travel together to a large city to seek work, a practice called shūdan shūshoku.Employers were eager to hire young, unskilled workers from the countryside who were accustomed to hard work and a low standard of living. They called them “golden eggs” (kin no tamago). For the young people, finding work in a big city was a dream come true, but many gave up and returned home after a few months. Such groups of new graduates came from remote islands and from as far away as Okinawa, which was still under American Occupation. Click on PICTURES to see them.
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