Cross Currents Home
資料 | 当サイトについて | English site
ホーム 日本について学ぶ 日米について学ぶ 米国について学ぶ
  1. 集団就職
  2. 就職シーズン
  3. 新卒採用の仕組み
  4. 高卒採用の仕組み
  5. 日本の雇用制度
  6. 終身雇用
  7. 年功序列制度
  8. 賞与(ボーナス)制度
  9. 企業別組合
  10. 企業別組合の労使協調
  11. 失業保険
  12. 二分化された女性職:一般職と総合職
  13. 女性雇用者の増加
  14. 女性の多い職種
  15. 退職後の職位と社会保障
  16. 結婚退職・男女別定年
  17. 大企業と中小企業の関係
  18. パートタイムで働く女性たち
  19. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
Listen in 英語 英語 | 日本語 日本語 言語:  英語 | 日本語
Applicants sitting in room, listening to speakers
Job applicants listen attentively at an employment seminar. Photo from 1994.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Spring Employment Season
Large companies in Japan generally hire new employees who have just completed their schooling for regular employee positions. Their employment begins in April, and they usually undertake a period of company training before they begin work. Up until the mid-1990s, young men who were hired by large companies could expect to stay with the same firm for their entire career. This was true both for those hired for manufacturing jobs after graduating from high school or technical school, and those hired for white collar “salaryman” positions, usually after completing college. Prior to passage of the Equal Employment Opportunity Law, women hired into large companies directly from school could expect to remain with their employer until they left work to raise a family.Persons who do not obtain regular employment right out of school in Japan, or who lose their jobs, fall into a secondary labor market and have little hope of obtaining the prized regular, permanent positions in large companies.
言葉の説明:  Equal Employment Opportunity Law for Men and Women

ポッドキャスト ダウンロード:  英語 | 日本語
文書 | ビデオクリップ | 図表 | 写真 | 地図