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  1. 集団就職
  2. 就職シーズン
  3. 新卒採用の仕組み
  4. 高卒採用の仕組み
  5. 日本の雇用制度
  6. 終身雇用
  7. 年功序列制度
  8. 賞与(ボーナス)制度
  9. 企業別組合
  10. 企業別組合の労使協調
  11. 失業保険
  12. 二分化された女性職:一般職と総合職
  13. 女性雇用者の増加
  14. 女性の多い職種
  15. 退職後の職位と社会保障
  16. 結婚退職・男女別定年
  17. 大企業と中小企業の関係
  18. パートタイムで働く女性たち
  19. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
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A close-up of a hand fan that contains Japanese writing on it.
A hand fan that reads "Seniority by length of service."
Photo from Fudemojiya.
The Seniority Wage System (nenkō joretsu)
The seniority-based wage system (nenkō joretsu) has gone hand in hand with lifetime employment. Companies maintain very broad employment categories or ranks, rather than paying employees for the particular jobs they perform. Employees begin with a standard basic wage, and receive an increase in pay for each year of service. An employee who leaves to join another company would start from a lower end of that company’s wage scale and his or her income could be lower than other employees' of the same age in the same company. The seniority-based wage system keeps workers from changing jobs, since after a few years of employment they enjoy a wage level that they could not match if they moved to another company.The seniority-based wage system underpays young workers, but rewards them well in later years, even if their productivity declines. It offers workers a strong incentive to remain with their first employer.An early retirement age also supports the seniority wage system, normally forcing employees to retire from their regular positions at age 55 to 62. After formal retirement they may be rehired by the same firm under short-term contracts, or may take other temporary employment until they are truly ready to retire several years later.
言葉の説明:  contract

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