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  1. 集団就職
  2. 就職シーズン
  3. 新卒採用の仕組み
  4. 高卒採用の仕組み
  5. 日本の雇用制度
  6. 終身雇用
  7. 年功序列制度
  8. 賞与(ボーナス)制度
  9. 企業別組合
  10. 企業別組合の労使協調
  11. 失業保険
  12. 二分化された女性職:一般職と総合職
  13. 女性雇用者の増加
  14. 女性の多い職種
  15. 退職後の職位と社会保障
  16. 結婚退職・男女別定年
  17. 大企業と中小企業の関係
  18. パートタイムで働く女性たち
  19. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
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Men stand at counter while workers look through papers
Kyushu seamen who have lost their jobs collect unemployment insurance.
Photo Courtesy of the Kyushu District Transport Bureau.
Unemployment Insurance
For most of the postwar period Japan has enjoyed nearly full employment. One of the main forms of unemployment insurance has been a series of programs that pays companies to keep workers on their payroll during economic downturns when they might otherwise want to reduce their labor force. Paying companies to keep workers on the payroll means the employees maintain their social position and role in the company, and retain their company benefits. With a high value placed on lifetime employment security and strong job protection for workers, much of Japan’s unemployment is structural, due to the decline or loss of whole industries that are being phased out. Other unemployment arises because companies go bankrupt, leaving their workers without jobs. The Japanese government has developed some special programs to help workers cope with industry decline, which is often the result of government policy to phase out a particular industry such as coal mining. However, the benefits workers in the industry receive depend on their prior status as a regular or contract employee or the employee of a subcontracting firm. Aside from lump sum severance payments from the company to regular workers who lose their jobs, only a limited amount of government assistance is available as direct payments to the unemployed.
言葉の説明:  contract

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