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  1. 集団就職
  2. 就職シーズン
  3. 新卒採用の仕組み
  4. 高卒採用の仕組み
  5. 日本の雇用制度
  6. 終身雇用
  7. 年功序列制度
  8. 賞与(ボーナス)制度
  9. 企業別組合
  10. 企業別組合の労使協調
  11. 失業保険
  12. 二分化された女性職:一般職と総合職
  13. 女性雇用者の増加
  14. 女性の多い職種
  15. 退職後の職位と社会保障
  16. 結婚退職・男女別定年
  17. 大企業と中小企業の関係
  18. パートタイムで働く女性たち
  19. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
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Man in factory stands next to large tree he has just cut
A worker at a small wood furniture factory in Iwaizumi, Iwate, Japan.
Photo Courtesy of Iwaizumi Junbokukagaku.
Relations between Large and Small Companies
One way that large companies in Japan are able to provide employment security and strong benefits for their regular employees is by keeping their work force limited and maintaining extensive, long-term relationships with smaller companies that provide less employment security and less generous benefits to their workers. Sometimes these smaller companies are direct subsidiaries (kogaisha) of the parent company (oyagaisha) or are partially owned by it. In other cases they may be independently owned, but dependent on the large company to varying degrees. Long-term sub-contracting arrangements offer economic benefits to smaller companies, but they also protect the benefits and job security of the large company’s workers. In an economic downturn the large company can reduce its contracts to outside companies and subsidiaries instead of laying off its own regular employees. Subsidiaries also provide posts where the parent company can place regular workers who are entitled to managerial positions. Sometimes such posts are used to groom employees for even higher positions in the parent company, but sometimes they are also dead-end positions for expensive older employees. Such appoints also restrict promotion opportunities for the regular employees of the subsidiary who have no hope of moving into the parent company.
言葉の説明:  job security  |  contract

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