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  1. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
  2. 日本の男女が働く業種
  3. 戦後の日本における基幹産業復興政策
  4. 日本の造船業
  5. 鉱業:衰退する産業
  6. 産業政策と不況産業
  7. 消費財産業
  8. 日本経済における中小企業
  9. 大企業と中小企業のつながり
  10. 日本の電気機械工業
  11. 日本の自動車産業の始まり
  12. 自動車産業の発展と自動車の輸出
  13. 日本の携帯電話産業
  14. コンピューターゲーム産業
  15. 買い物の習慣と小売店
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A train line runs to an empty building
Kaede Coal Mine near Yūbari City, Hokkaido.
Photo Courtesy of Futamura Takashi.
Mining: An Industry in Decline
Japan’s mining industry has been in steep decline since the 1960s. In 2000, all types of mining employ only one-tenth the number of people who were employed in the industry in 1950. Coal and metal mining have experienced the worst declines, largely as a result of deliberate government policy. During the 1950s, unionized coal miners at the Miike mine in Kyushu fought hard against the Mitsui Mining Corporation’s efforts to reduce the labor force. They won concessions in 1953, but then lost a hard-fought battle against layoffs in 1960.The government instituted subsidies to protect the domestic coal industry, but as energy production shifted from coal to oil, it was no longer profitable for Japan to produce the limited amount of coal it needed. As part of a national system of industrial policy coordinated by MITI, coal was identified as an industry that should be reduced so that other industries with more potential could be promoted. Under this policy, Japan’s old, deep coal mines in Kyushu and Hokkaido were closed and the industry was phased out during the 1970s and 1980s. Coal mining declined from 121 mines and nearly 69,000 mine workers in 1969 to only fifteen mines and 2,723 mine workers in 2000.
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