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  1. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
  2. 日本の男女が働く業種
  3. 戦後の日本における基幹産業復興政策
  4. 日本の造船業
  5. 鉱業:衰退する産業
  6. 産業政策と不況産業
  7. 消費財産業
  8. 日本経済における中小企業
  9. 大企業と中小企業のつながり
  10. 日本の電気機械工業
  11. 日本の自動車産業の始まり
  12. 自動車産業の発展と自動車の輸出
  13. 日本の携帯電話産業
  14. コンピューターゲーム産業
  15. 買い物の習慣と小売店
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Two men stand in front of lumber they have just cut in a small factory
Workers at a small furniture factory in Iwaizumi, Iwate, Japan, use wood from the nearbyforests.
Photo Courtesy of Iwaizumi Junbokukagaku.
Small Firms in the Japanese Economy
The Japanese economy has a very high proportion of small firms. In manufacturing, small and medium-sized firms with less than 300 employees comprise 99.4% of all firms and employ three quarters (75.1%) of manufacturing industry employees. These smaller firms produce about half (51.6%) of the manufacturing output. Most wholesale and retail firms are also small. Nearly 85 % have less than 10 employees. About half (48.7%) of all retail stores have only one or two employees. However, the number of retail stores owned by individuals is decreasing. Many small stores do not have a successor, and they are losing business to convenience stores and larger retailers. Generally, small firms pay lower wages and cannot offer their employees the same level of security and benefits as large firms. They are more likely to hire older and parttime workers because they cannot compete for the new school graduates that large firms want to hire.
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