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  1. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
  2. 日本の男女が働く業種
  3. 戦後の日本における基幹産業復興政策
  4. 日本の造船業
  5. 鉱業:衰退する産業
  6. 産業政策と不況産業
  7. 消費財産業
  8. 日本経済における中小企業
  9. 大企業と中小企業のつながり
  10. 日本の電気機械工業
  11. 日本の自動車産業の始まり
  12. 自動車産業の発展と自動車の輸出
  13. 日本の携帯電話産業
  14. コンピューターゲーム産業
  15. 買い物の習慣と小売店
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A man working on an automobile assembly line
An assembly line at a Toyota automotive plant. Photo from 1961.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Beginning of the Japanese Automobile Industry
The history of the Japanese automobile industry dates back to the Taisho era (1912-1926). After World War I a number of corporations, guided by the government and the Imperial Army, started to produce military trucks. Later on, auto companies such as Toyota and Nissan started their business. That was essentially the beginning of the Japanese automobile industry. In 1933 or the early Showa era, a burgeoning corporation, Nihon Sangyo, established Nissan, and in the same year, a weaving machine company, Toyota Jido Shokki, which later became Toyota, founded its automobile department. However, the Japanese automobile industry was insignificant throughout World War II, and auto corporations produced almost only military and industrial trucks and buses. Indeed, in those days, it was very rare that an average Japanese household owned a car. After WWII the Allied Occupation General Headquarters banned automobile production until 1950—Japanese companies were allowed to produce only a limited number of trucks. Then, Nissan and Toyota restarted their businesses. Soon Toyota nearly went bankrupt, mainly because of a severe dispute with its union workers. Throughout the Korean War, however, GHQ awarded contracts toToyota for both military vehicles and repairs. As a result, Toyota survived its crisis.
言葉の説明:  World War II

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