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  1. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
  2. 日本の男女が働く業種
  3. 戦後の日本における基幹産業復興政策
  4. 日本の造船業
  5. 鉱業:衰退する産業
  6. 産業政策と不況産業
  7. 消費財産業
  8. 日本経済における中小企業
  9. 大企業と中小企業のつながり
  10. 日本の電気機械工業
  11. 日本の自動車産業の始まり
  12. 自動車産業の発展と自動車の輸出
  13. 日本の携帯電話産業
  14. コンピューターゲーム産業
  15. 買い物の習慣と小売店
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Rows of automobiles stretch across a wharf ready for export
Rows of automobiles stretch across a wharf ready for export. Photo from 1992.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
The Rise of the Japanese Auto Industry and Auto Exports
After 1955 Japanese auto corporations began to produce more cars then before. At the same time, the government restricted car imports in order to promote the Japanese auto industry. Other countries seldom criticized Japan's protectionism in those days since the car market in Japan was very small. Later, under the guidance of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, the Japanese auto industry began to weed out small companies through mergers and eventually reached its current state. Japan's annual car production gradually increased. It was less than 10,000 vehicles in 1953, but exceeded 20,000 in 1955. In the late 1960s Japan's car production became similar to Western European countries. Japan started to export cars in the late 1950s, but only a few hundred each year. In 1961 annual exports exceeded 10,000 for the first time. In the early 1970s Japan exported more than one million cars to other countries, primarily to the United States. When car exports began, the reputation of Japanese cars was poor. But their low price based on the low value of the Japanese yen against the US dollar increased the number of Japanese car buyers in the US. Subsequently, the 1973 oil shock increased the popularity of Japanese cars because of their good fuel economy.
言葉の説明:  Oil Shock

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