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  1. 産業部門でみる日本の労働人口
  2. 日本の男女が働く業種
  3. 戦後の日本における基幹産業復興政策
  4. 日本の造船業
  5. 鉱業:衰退する産業
  6. 産業政策と不況産業
  7. 消費財産業
  8. 日本経済における中小企業
  9. 大企業と中小企業のつながり
  10. 日本の電気機械工業
  11. 日本の自動車産業の始まり
  12. 自動車産業の発展と自動車の輸出
  13. 日本の携帯電話産業
  14. コンピューターゲーム産業
  15. 買い物の習慣と小売店
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A man puts coal into wooden coal cart on train tracks
A wooden coal cart at Iwakura Coal Mine.
Photo Courtesy of H.Mochimoto.
Reviving Basic Industries in Postwar Japan
In order to rebuild Japan’s basic industries after the war, the Allied Occupation directly financed the reconstruction of the steel and coal industries. By the early 1950s, direct financial assistance to the two key industries was replaced with tax exemptions and government loans. The goal was to rationalize production in coal and steel so that the industries come become internationally competitive. Instead, the coal policies became the forerunners of plans to help a wide range of depressed industries reduce production in the 1970s and 1980s. In the early 1960s the government subsidized the cost of using domestic coal in order to maintain the coal industry. After the 1973 Oil Shock there was a demand for coal, but both the steel industry and the electric power industry refused to pay premium prices for domestic coal when they could import cheaper coal from other countries. By the mid-1980s, the United States was also pressing Japan to import cheaper American coal. The Japanese government finally decided to phase out the domestic coal industry rather than continuing to prop it up.
言葉の説明:  Oil Shock

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