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  1. 1945年以降の労働組合の急速な発展
  2. 戦後日本の最初の労働法
  3. 労働ストライキと生産管理
  4. 血のメーデー(1952年5月1日)
  5. 総評(日本労働組合総評議会)の設立
  6. 急進的組合活動の盛衰
  7. 企業別組合
  8. 三池争議
  9. 日本式ストライキ
  10. ストライキ権は誰にあるか
  11. ストライキの種類
  12. 春期労働闘争(春闘)
  13. 企業別組合の労使協調
  14. 国鉄の民営化
  15. 組合組織の合流による「連合」の結成
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Men bowing to audience at press conference, while audience bows back
As Japan National Railway became Japan Railway, many company officials encounter organizational changes.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Privatization of Japan National Railway
In 1987 the Japanese government privatized the debt-ridden Japan National Railway (JNR), which had run Japan's national railway network since the Meiji era. The JNR lines were divided into eleven smaller regional Japan Rail (JR) companies. A settlement headquarters took over the railway's assets and longterm debt, which it planned to pay off by selling JNR-owned land and stock in the new JR companies. The new JR companies planned to eliminate 100,000 jobs, most of which would come from the ranks of JNR unionized workers, who had vigorously protested the privatization plan. Under normal circumstances in Japan it is very difficult to lay off or dismiss workers who are regular employees. The massive job losses were possible in this case because the original government employer, JNR, was dissolved and the new JR companies did not have to retain all of their workers.
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