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  1. 1945年以降の労働組合の急速な発展
  2. 戦後日本の最初の労働法
  3. 労働ストライキと生産管理
  4. 血のメーデー(1952年5月1日)
  5. 総評(日本労働組合総評議会)の設立
  6. 急進的組合活動の盛衰
  7. 企業別組合
  8. 三池争議
  9. 日本式ストライキ
  10. ストライキ権は誰にあるか
  11. ストライキの種類
  12. 春期労働闘争(春闘)
  13. 企業別組合の労使協調
  14. 国鉄の民営化
  15. 組合組織の合流による「連合」の結成
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Men in bandana's march and cheer while holding signs
March for May Day. 1956.
Photo Courtesy of National Railway Labor Union Headquarters.
Rapid Rise of Labor Unions in Japan from 1945
Although Japan had some labor unions in the early 20th century, they did not have the right to bargain collectively with employers and their legal status was weak. Then in 1940, the labor unions dissolved and their members joined the government-sponsored national workers' organization Sampo, as part of a wartime national reorganization of all civil organizations under central government direction. Sampo remained in existence at the end of the war. American Occupation authorities encouraged Japanese workers to form independent labor unions as early as fall, 1945. A new labor union law was passed in December and took effect in March 1946. The number of workers in unions rose very dramatically from about 5,000 in October 1945, to 5 million by February, 1947. The Occupation General Headquarters (GHQ) initially encouraged the formation of labor unions, but became alarmed when the Sanbetsu labor federation affiliated with the Japan Communist Party and the Sōdōmei labor federation affiliated with the Japan Socialist Party planned a nationwide, open-ended general strike for February 1, 1947. A nationwide general strike would mean that all communications, transportation, production facilities, and public services would shut down. The Occupation banned the general strike the day before it was supposed to begin, and this marked a turning point in Occupation support for labor.
言葉の説明:  general strike  |  public services

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