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  1. 1945年以降の労働組合の急速な発展
  2. 戦後日本の最初の労働法
  3. 労働ストライキと生産管理
  4. 血のメーデー(1952年5月1日)
  5. 総評(日本労働組合総評議会)の設立
  6. 急進的組合活動の盛衰
  7. 企業別組合
  8. 三池争議
  9. 日本式ストライキ
  10. ストライキ権は誰にあるか
  11. ストライキの種類
  12. 春期労働闘争(春闘)
  13. 企業別組合の労使協調
  14. 国鉄の民営化
  15. 組合組織の合流による「連合」の結成
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A group of police officers escort four fired workers and union members during the Red Purge.
Fired workers and union members being removed by police during the Red Purge.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
The Rise and Fall of Radical Union Activity
Sanbetsu, the Japan Congress of Industrial Organizations (Nippon Sangyo-betsu Rodo Kumiai Kaigi), was a national labor union federation founded at the end of 1945 that had links to the newly legal Japan Communist Party. Sanbetsu helped organize workers in both private companies and the public sector, and led a series of strikes in the fall of 1946. The Occupation stopped its efforts to lead a national general strike in January 1947. Sanbetsu was weakened when its leadership was purged during the Red Purge in 1950 and managers began to dismiss labor activists with Communist Party ties. Company managers encouraged workers to form moderate unions as an alternative to the militant Sanbetsu unions. Management then could choose to bargain only with the moderate second union. Over time, moderate unions became dominant in the majority of companies, but militant unions remained powerful in some companies and industries.
言葉の説明:  general strike  |  union federation  |  strike

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