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  1. 1945年以降の労働組合の急速な発展
  2. 戦後日本の最初の労働法
  3. 労働ストライキと生産管理
  4. 血のメーデー(1952年5月1日)
  5. 総評(日本労働組合総評議会)の設立
  6. 急進的組合活動の盛衰
  7. 企業別組合
  8. 三池争議
  9. 日本式ストライキ
  10. ストライキ権は誰にあるか
  11. ストライキの種類
  12. 春期労働闘争(春闘)
  13. 企業別組合の労使協調
  14. 国鉄の民営化
  15. 組合組織の合流による「連合」の結成
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Hase Takemaro cries from behind a microphone.
Secretary-General Hase Takemaro of the All-Japan Federation of Public Workers cries as he announces that the planned general strike has been banned.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Postwar Japan's first Labor Laws
Japan’s first post war labor law, the Trade Union Law of 1945, established a national Labor Relations Commission to oversee labor disputes and ensure that both management and unions followed the law. The Commission had representatives from labor, management, and the general public. It was modeled partly on a similar three-part Commission used by the International Labor Organization (ILO) and a one established in the United States to manage labor disputes during wartime. The second of Japan’s basic postwar labor union laws, the Labor Relations Adjustment Act of 1946, was modeled after the American Taft-Hartley Act, which provided ways for government to intervene in labor disputes that might paralyze essential public services. When electrical utility workers in Japan threatened a national strike in the fall of 1946, the new law allowed the government to require a 30 day “cooling off period” before the strike could begin. This provision is rarely used anymore.
言葉の説明:  public services  |  national strike  |  strike  |  Taft-Hartley Act

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