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  1. 婦人参政権の導入
  2. 特需景気と女性労働者
  3. 女性雇用者の増加
  4. アメリカンスタイルと洋裁の流行
  5. パートタイムで働く女性たち
  6. 女性と農業
  7. 海女
  8. 結婚退職・男女別定年
  9. オフィス・レディ
  10. 二分化された女性職:一般職と総合職
  11. 働く女性に関する法律
  12. セクシュアルハラスメント
  13. 出生率の低下と働く女性
  14. 夫婦別姓
  15. 女性の多い職種
  16. 「強い」女性たち:警察と自衛隊
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A group of prospective employees sitting in room while looking for jobs
With the decline of the special procurement boom, employment offices saw an increased demand for jobs by men and women. Photo from 1952.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Tokuju (Special Order) Boom and Female Workers
In response to the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950, The U.S. military ordered a large number of products, such as textiles, from Japanese firms. The business from the U. S. brought Japan a period of economic growth called the Special Order (Tokuju) Boom. Since the textile industry and the metal industry were especially prosperous, people also referred this economic boom as "Itohen (thread-related) Boom" and "Kanehen (metal-related) Boom." The demand for labor rapidly increased, and many women worked as factory workers in the textile industry, repeating the pattern of the early decades of the twentieth century, when women in the textile industry contributed heavily to Japan’s industrialization. However, the textile industry declined as the Korean War ended, and there were mass layoffs of female workers in the industry.
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