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  1. Group Employment Trips
  2. Spring Employment Season
  3. Hiring New Graduates
  4. Hiring New High School Graduates
  5. The Japanese Employment System
  6. Lifetime Employment
  7. The Seniority Wage System (nenkō joretsu)
  8. The Bonus System
  9. Enterprise Unions in Japan
  10. Enterprise Union Cooperation
  11. Unemployment Insurance
  12. Dual Tracks in Female Occupations: Ippan Shoku (Non-Career Track) and Sōgō Shoku (Career Track)
  13. Increase of Female Employees
  14. Female dominant occupations
  15. Post-Retirement Employment and Social Security
  16. Marriage Retirement and Retirement Ages for Men and Women
  17. Relations between Large and Small Companies
  18. Part-time Female Workers
  19. What Kinds of Work Do People Do in Japan?
  20. Freeter/ Furita: Part-Time Workers in Japan
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Group of men and women taking notes of job postings
Female and male students taking notes from notices of position openings on a bulletin board, 1988.
Photo from Mainichi Shimbun.
Increase of Female Employees
Japan entered its high economic growth period in the late 1950s. The wartime lifestyle that emphasized thrift as a virtue shifted to a consumer lifestyle, and the center of the economy shifted from agriculture to the industrial and service sectors. Along with these changes, it became common for women to work after completing their education. In 1967, the number of female employees exceeded ten million for the first time. The number of female employees has gradually increased since then, and in 2000, 40% of all employees, or 21.4 million, were female.Click CHART to see the shift in the number of female employees in postwar Japan.
Special Terms: service sector

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