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Two men in suits walking in a crosswalk.
  1. Group Employment Trips
  2. Spring Employment Season
  3. Hiring New Graduates
  4. Hiring New High School Graduates
  5. The Japanese Employment System
  6. Lifetime Employment
  7. The Seniority Wage System (nenkō joretsu)
  8. The Bonus System
  9. Enterprise Unions in Japan
  10. Enterprise Union Cooperation
  11. Unemployment Insurance
  12. Dual Tracks in Female Occupations: Ippan Shoku (Non-Career Track) and Sōgō Shoku (Career Track)
  13. Increase of Female Employees
  14. Female dominant occupations
  15. Post-Retirement Employment and Social Security
  16. Marriage Retirement and Retirement Ages for Men and Women
  17. Relations between Large and Small Companies
  18. Part-time Female Workers
  19. What Kinds of Work Do People Do in Japan?
  20. Freeter/ Furita: Part-Time Workers in Japan
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High school students in various unifroms receive an exam from a man in a suit
High school students take an employment exam in September 2002.
Photo Courtesy of Kyodonews web CH-K.
Hiring New High School Graduates
About 17 percent of Japanese high school students go directly into the labor force. This proportion has steadily decreased over the past fifty years. Japanese companies hire new high school graduates for regular, permanent positions as blue-collar workers, and for clerical positions. It is common for employers to send a notice of job openings to high schools and to hire students who are recommended by the school. Many high schools have cultivated close relations with main employers in their area, and are assured of placing a certain number of students each year. The schools want to send their best candidates, in order to preserve this special hiring relationship, and the companies expect to receive employees who have been carefully selected. Since the school will recommend students based on performance and behavior, there is a strong incentive for students who are not going on to college to perform well in high school.This system also means new employees are likely to find other graduates from their school working at the same company, who will serve as their “sempai” or seniors, and help them out. In return, the new employees, as “kohai” or juniors may be asked to do special favors for their “sempai.” These relationships in the workplace are similar to the ones students experienced members of clubs and sports teams at school.
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