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  1. Group Employment Trips
  2. Spring Employment Season
  3. Hiring New Graduates
  4. Hiring New High School Graduates
  5. The Japanese Employment System
  6. Lifetime Employment
  7. The Seniority Wage System (nenkō joretsu)
  8. The Bonus System
  9. Enterprise Unions in Japan
  10. Enterprise Union Cooperation
  11. Unemployment Insurance
  12. Dual Tracks in Female Occupations: Ippan Shoku (Non-Career Track) and Sōgō Shoku (Career Track)
  13. Increase of Female Employees
  14. Female dominant occupations
  15. Post-Retirement Employment and Social Security
  16. Marriage Retirement and Retirement Ages for Men and Women
  17. Relations between Large and Small Companies
  18. Part-time Female Workers
  19. What Kinds of Work Do People Do in Japan?
  20. Freeter/ Furita: Part-Time Workers in Japan
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Older man standing against lightpost, holding a sign for a store
A man advertises the old fashioned way near Yokohama train station.
Photo Courtesy of Jeff Laitila,
Post-Retirement Employment and Social Security
Lifetime employment and seniority-based wages are balanced by a very early mandatory retirement age. It has been customary for private firms as well as the government to retire regular male employees at ages ranging from 55 to 62. Earlier retirement ages for women were common until the Supreme Court declared the practice to be discriminatory and illegal. As regular employees these retirees receive some form of pension, either as a large lump sum severance payment or as a regular monthly pension. These relatively young retirees generally continue working for several more years on a contract or part time basis, sometimes for the same employer or for an affiliated firm. They no longer earn a seniority-based wage, and they no longer enjoy long-term job security in these post-retirement positions. The Japanese government has a modest old age pension system that is similar to the American Social Security system.
Special Terms: job security  |  contract

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